The Battle of Taranto

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The Battle of Taranto

The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War. The Royal Navy launched the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history, flying a small number of obsolescent biplanetorpedo bombers from an aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean Sea. The attack struck the battle fleet of the Regia Marina at anchor in the harbour of Taranto using aerial torpedoes despite the shallow depth of the water in the harbour. The devastation...

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Operation Compass

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Operation Compass

Operation Compass was the first major Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign during World War II.British and Commonwealth forces attacked Italian forces in western Egypt and eastern Libya in December 1940 to February 1941. The operation was a complete success. Allied forces advanced from inside Egypt to central Libya, captured 115,000 Italian prisoners, and destroyed thousands of tanks, artillery pieces, and aircraft, while suffering very few...

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HE or High Explosive bombs

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HE or High Explosive bombs

The SC 1800 Satan was one of the largest bombs in the Luftwaffe armoury during the Second World War and the largest regularly used during the Blitz. SC indicates High Explosives, 1800 the 1,800kg (3,968lb) payload and Satan was its nickname. The SC 1800 had a length of 13ft 3in and a diameter of 2ft 3in, and was normally carried by the Heinkel He...

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Flame Fougasse

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Flame Fougasse

In readying the southern British coast for invasion, besides the usual pillboxes and barbed wire, there was also the Flame Fougasse. A camouflaged oil drum filled with petroleum, lime and tar that could be ignited and then rolled into the path of an invader. But further offshore were pipes, laid beneath the surf, through which oil could be pumped to spread over the surface of the water. Then, as the enemy came closer, the oil could be ignited with a flare pistol. Viola- an...

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British Sea Forts

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British Sea Forts

These Sea Forts helped keep a look out for incoming raiders. Three were located near Liverpool and four were in the Thames Estuary. They all had impressive artillery, like Lewis guns, Bofors, and 3.7 inch antiaircraft cannon. However, the ones close in the Thames also had radar. These antennae helped with tracking the low flying Luftwaffe planes dropping mines. With their information, the Royal Navy minesweepers were able to deal with this threat to...

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